What is that? Why do people choose this method? Here’s what we know

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Just recently, Priyanka Chopra and Nick Jonas announced the birth of their first baby girl, conceived through surrogacy. They are not the first and only couple to opt for surrogacy. Bollywood stars like Shah Rukh Khan, Sohail Khan and Preity Zinta among others have also had their children through surrogacy.

Surrogacy is not an unfamiliar term, but it is one that faces a lot of stigma. To de-stigmatize this mode of childbirth, one must first understand what it is and what it involves.

What is surrogacy?

Surrogacy is a legal arrangement in which a woman (the gestational carrier) agrees to bear a child for the convenience of another person or individuals who will become the parent(s) of the child after birth. ‘childbirth. Surrogacy is chosen if pregnancy is medically impossible, if the risks of pregnancy incurred are fatal or simply when a single person or a male couple wishes to have a child. Monetary compensation may be involved in the process.

It is an emotionally, medically and financially complex, but rewarding process.

Why do people opt for surrogacy?

People may opt for surrogacy for the following reasons:

If a woman is unable to conceive due to health issues.

If a woman is unable to become pregnant due to a hysterectomy, a missing part of her uterus, ovaries or reproductive system.

If a single man wants to have a child using his sperm.

If a woman wishes to have a child using her eggs.

If a same-sex couple wants to have children.

What are the things to keep in mind before entering into a surrogacy agreement?

Before entering into a surrogacy agreement, various factors should be considered. Above all, all parties involved must be in good mental and physical health. There should be clear boundaries and understanding between the surrogate (the woman carrying the child) and the parents.

Anything related to medical processes and finances should be reasonably discussed at the beginning. The parties involved should also discuss how the pregnancy and childbirth will be managed.

What are the two types of surrogacy?

There are two types of surrogacy, traditional and gestational.

In a traditional surrogacy, the egg of the surrogate mother is fertilized by the sperm of the intended father or a donor (also known as partial, natural or direct surrogacy).

When an embryo developed using in vitro fertilization (IVF) technology is placed in a surrogate mother, also known as a gestational carrier, it is called gestational surrogacy.

What is the Surrogacy Childbirth Process?

First of all, it is very necessary to determine if surrogacy is the right option, as it is a major decision for any couple, individual or potential surrogate mother.

Once the parent(s) decides to go further with the surrogacy, prepare a contract and prepare for the surrogacy. These choices will help you decide how you want your surrogacy to progress and build your surrogacy plan, which outlines your goals and preferences for the entire surrogacy process.

Next, find your surrogate. This is also possible through agencies. Once the match is found, the two parties must get to know each other. And finally, a contact or agreement must be signed, which is legally binding.

Then begins the medical aspect of the process. The process of fertilization and embryo transfer begins.

As soon as the pregnancy process begins, the parent(s) and the surrogate should communicate openly, and the surrogate should be well taken care of. Soon, welcome the newborn!

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